Laplace Transform is a very interesting tool of Mathematics, having wide range of applications in System Modeling, Nuclear Physics, Computer Science and many other technical technical disciplines of engineering.
In the very root, Laplace Transform (L.T.) is a concept which is used to solve certain kind of differential equations which, in-turn, facilitate its applications stated above.
Laplace Transform Equations
Let there be a function F(t) with ‘t’ as independent variable. Then the L.T. of the function F(t) will be
Where f(p) is another function with ‘p’ as its independent variable.
In order to supplement the process of solving certain differential equations with given constants, we have a reciprocating concept of L.T. called Inverse Laplace Transform.
Inverse Laplace Transform
where F(t) and f(p) are different functions of ‘t’ and ‘p’ respectively.
What is Laplace Transform and How Does it Work?
L.T. trace back its history from a concept of power series method of solving differential equations.
Power Series Method
A Power Series is an infinite series of the form
We know that a differential equation is an equation containing a function, its variables and functional derivatives of the same.
The solution of the differential equation is said to be the equation of the function itself, without any derivatives.
Now in power series method we assume that the function ‘y’ is equal to infinite power series “summation”
Then for the assumed equation we find the required coefficients satisfying the differential equation.
Then putting everything in the series we get the solution.
For example: Solving by Power Series Method the differential equation (1-x)(dy/dx) = y
Getting back to the concept, L.T. is a continuous form of power series solution.
Laplace Transform Properties
Here we have some properties of L.T.
Applications of Laplace Transform
Theorem used in solving different differential equation by L.T. Method
- Differentiation Theorem
Steps for solving linear differential equations with constant coefficients.
- Taking L.T. of the given differential equation
- Using Differential Theorem reducing the transformed differential equation to zero order.
- Rearranging the equation like L(y)=f(p) ; where f(p) is the function of p.
- Taking Inverse L.P. Transform of the function f(p) Y=L’f(p)
- Y is the solution of the given differential equation.
MORE FROM INKCUE
- Laplace Transform (Wikipedia)